Psychological assessment allows clinicians to make inferences about person’s behavior and their personality. In a short period of time, while using a combination of tools such as interviews, norm-referenced tests, projective tests, and clinical observation, a clinician is provided with a wealth of information about their clients. The clinician is thus able to determine both strengths and weaknesses of a person. Based on this information, a clinician creates a plan to help an individual take advantage of their strengths and improve area(s) that are considered to be difficult for him or her.
Full psychological assessment includes information about intellectual functioning, a person’s academic achievement, and personality profile. The most commonly used norm-reference tests include Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Forth Edition (WAIS-IV), the Wechsler Individual Achievement Test-Third Edition (WIAT-III), Woodcock-Johnson III Test of Achievement (WJ III ACH), Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) and Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory III (MCMI-III).